Khana Kaaba:

The Kaaba is a building at the center of Islam’s most important mosque, that is Al-Masjid Al-Ḥarām, in the Hejazi city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is the most sacred site in Islam. It is considered by Muslims to be the Bayṫ Allah and has a similar role to the Tabernacle and Holy of Holies in Judaism. Wherever they are in the world, Muslims are expected to face the Kaaba when performing Salah. Being the qiblah, Muslims would face it when praying.

Prophet Muhammad (Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon him) told that the reward of offering one prayer in Grand Mosque is equal to the reward of offering one lac prayers in any other mosque of the world.

Hateem:

Hateem is located next to this. Hateem is a part of Holy Ka’bah but it is open and don’t have any roof or high walls etc. The last corner which is located very next to Hateem is called, “Rukn-e-Shami” as it is in the direction of “Syria”. The walls of Holy Ka’bah have following dimensions in height. 12.84 meters, 11.28 meters, 12.11 meters and 11.52 meters. While it is fourteen (14) feet above from the floor. Three pillars have been constructed in a row inside the Holy Ka’bah to support its ceiling. The floor of Holy Ka’bah is made of marble and limestone while its door frame is seven feet above from Mata’af’s floor. The walls of Holy Ka’bah has been built with Granite Marble collected from the surrounding mountains of Makkah, each wall is almost one (1) meter thick.

Hajj a Pillar of Islam:

Hadith:

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Islam is built upon five: to worship Allah and to disbelieve in what is worshiped besides him, to establish prayer, to give charity, to perform Hajj pilgrimage to the house, and to fast the month of Ramadan.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 8, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 16

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) delivered a Khutbah and said, “O people! Hajj (pilgrimage to the House of Allah) has been made incumbent upon you, so perform Hajj.” [Muslim]

According to another Hadith:

“Whoever performs Haj for the sake of Pleasing Allah, and does not utter any disgusting remarks of sexual nature, nor commits any evil, will return as free from sins as the day in which his mother gave birth to him”.

[Bukhari, Muslim]

Multiple parts of the Hajj require pilgrims to make Tawaf seven times around the Kaaba in a counter-clockwise direction. Tawaf is also performed by pilgrims during the ‘Umrah (Arabic: عُـمْـرَة‎, Lesser Pilgrimage).

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