The Quran contains several verses regarding the origin of the Kaaba, it states that the Kaaba was the first House of Worship and that it was built by Ibrahim and Ishmael on God’s instructions.
Indeed, the first House [of worship] established for mankind was that at Makkah – blessed and a guidance for the worlds.
And [mention, O Muhammad], when We designated for Abraham the site of the House, [saying], “Do not associate anything with Me and purify My House for those who perform Tawaf and those who stand [in prayer] and those who bow and
Miracles of Kaaba
Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) footprint:
The stone which keeps the footprint of prophet Ibrahim (Peace be upon him) is laying a few yards away from Holy Ka’bah right in front of the its door. To maintain its sanctity, this stone has been protected with a case which is made of glass and silver. He (Peace be upon him) build the holy Ka’bah by standing on this stone. This stone served him as a miraculous lift, to move up and down according to the height of the walls. Allah (SWT) has mentioned this stone i.e. station of Ibrahim, twice in the Noble Qur’an.
And take, [O believers], from the standing place of Ibrahim a place of prayer. [Al-Baqrah 2:125]
In it [Holy Ka’bah] there are clear signs [such as] the standing place of Abraham. [Aal Imran 3:97]
It is the same blessed place, where Allah (SWT) accepted the prayers of both, father and the son. After completing the circumambulation (Tawa’f) the pilgrims use to offer two units of prayer at Maqam-e-Ibrahim to fulfill a prophetic Sunnah.
Zam Zam Well:
This mosque is also eminent due a well of water named, “Zam Zam Well”. Its water is better than all other types of water in this world and no other drink can compete this in taste.
The Well of Zamzam (Arabic: زَمْزَم) is a well located within the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, 20 m (66 ft) east of the Kabah, the holiest place in Islam.
According to Islamic mythology, it is a miraculously generated source of water from God, which sprang thousands of years ago when Ibrahim’s infant son ʾIsmaʿil was left with his mother Hajar in the desert, where he was thirsty and kept crying.
Millions of pilgrims visit the well each year while performing the Hajj or Umrah pilgrimages in order to drink its water.
As-Safa and Al-Marwa:
Safa (Arabic: الصّفا, translit. Aṣ-Ṣafā) and Marwa (Arabic: المروة, translit. Al-Marwah) are two small hills now located in the Great Mosque of Mecca in Saudi Arabia named the Masjid Al-Haram. Muslims travel back and forth between them seven times, during the ritual pilgrimages of Hajj and Umrah.
Mount As-Safa and Al-Marwa are also located a few steps away from Holy Ka’bah in the Grand Mosque. These are the same mountains where the mother of prophet Ismail (Peace be upon him), Sayeda Hajra, rushed here and there in search of water for her child. Allah (SWT) has named them as His signs (Sha’air Allah) in the noble Qur’an.
Safa and Marwa are mentioned in the following Quranic verse:
Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah. So if those who visit the House in the Season or at other times, should compass them round, it is no sin in them. And if any one obeyeth his own impulse to good,- be sure that Allah is He Who
— Surah 2, Al-Baqarah, Ayah 158
Hajr e Aswad:
Holy Ka’bah has four corners. The Black stone (Hajr-e-Aswad) is positioned in its eastern corner which is elevated almost four feet above from the ground level. Pakistan, India and Bangladesh are also headed straight in this direction. One side of this corner has, “Rukn-e-Yamni” which is in the direction of Yemen while on the other side near to the door of Holy Ka’bah there is a point named, “Rukn-e-Iraqi” which is headed towards Iraq.
Hadith about Hajr e Aswad:
It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The Black Stone came down from Paradise.”
(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 877; al-Nasaa’i, 2935. The hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Tirmidhi).
It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When the Black Stone came down from Paradise, it was whiter than milk, but the sins of the sons of Adam made it black.”
(Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 877; Ahmad, 2792. Classed as saheeh by Ibn Khuzaymah, 4/219. Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar classed it as qawiy (strong) in Fath al-Baari, 3/462).
Umar came near the Black Stone and kissed it and said “No doubt, I know that you are a stone and can neither benefit anyone nor harm anyone. Had I not seen Allah’s Apostle kissing you I would not have kissed you.”
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said in one of His hadiths:
“By Allah! On the Day of Qiyaamah, Allah will present the Hajare Aswad in such a manner that it will have two eyes and a tongue to testify to the Imaan (faith) of all those who kissed it.” (Tirmidhi)